Acne can cause irritation, dryness, and discomfort in teenagers. Teenagers suffering from acne may have low self-esteem due to their physical appearance. Multiple treatment options can help the person overcome the issue and boost their self-confidence. One should consult the best skin specialist in Lahore for guidance regarding their condition and the most effective and appropriate treatment plan based on their symptoms.
Acne and its Symptoms
Acne is a condition that occurs due to clogged pores under the skin, which causes red bumps that may be filled with puss and result in scarring. The accumulation of oil and dead skin cells results in pimples that vary in size.
The symptoms of acne include:
- The person can see whiteheads, also identified as closed plugged pores.
- The person may notice the occurrence of blackheads on the face, which are also known as closed plugged pores.
- The individual will notice small red bumps.
- In severe cases, the person will observe pustules and nodules on the face with pus.
- Individuals may observe the presence of cystic lesions; that are rather painful and contain pus.
Common Causes of Acne
The causes of acne are:
- Teenagers are prone to develop acne problems due to hormonal changes as compared to adults.
- Excessive oil production can result in clogging that may cause acne.
- The accumulation of dead cells under the skin can result in acne.
- Pregnant women may suffer from the condition due to changes in the hormonal levels in the body.
- If a person suffers from a bacterial infection may develop the condition.
- Excessive stress and anxiety can work as a trigger.
- Individuals using corticosteroids and lithium may suffer from acne as a side effect.
- Individuals taking sugary content in high quantities may suffer from acne.
- Exposure to oily substances can cause acne.
- Assertion of pressure or friction near the face can cause acne
- Individuals with family members suffering from acne are more likely to develop the condition.
Oral and Topical Treatment
The oral acne treatments are:
- Oral antibiotics help fight against the bacteria that causes clogged pores. The common types of oral antibiotics are tetracycline and macrolide. They may increase the sun sensitivity as a side effect; hence, should be used with prescription.
- The use of oral contraceptives; consisting of progestin and estrogen is proven effective for treating acne. The side effects include weight gain and nausea. Also, the women using contraceptives for acne are at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases and breast cancer.
- The use of spironolactone, which is an anti-androgen helps reduce the production of oil, responsible for acne.
The tropical treatment options for acne include:
- The use of retinoid for moderate acne is proven effective but results in sun sensitivity. They are applied on the face in the evening twice or thrice a week.
- Dapsone in the form of gel or cream is advised for use in women with inflammatory acne.
Changes in Daily Life
- The use of a gentle cleanser daily can help reduce oil accumulation that causes acne.
- Avoid direct exposure to the sun.
- Use suitable skincare products advised by a specialist
- Use a face wash daily
- Keep yourself hydrated
- Include fruits and vegetables in the diet
Complications Associated with Acne
Teenagers and women are concerned about their physical appearance. Acne or related problems can result in the person becoming anxious, which may correlate to low self-esteem. Also, the person might not be able to thrive in other aspects of life.
Teens and adults exhibiting symptoms correlating to acne should visit a skin specialist in Health Icon Medical & Diagnostic Centre. The specialist can help the person guide regarding the medication and change in lifestyle that would allow the person to overcome acne and related issues and live a healthier life without anxiousness.