by Abhay Choubey

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a disease in which a person has an unhealthy amount of body fat. The most common way to determine if someone has excess body fat is through their BMI. If their BMI is more than 30.0, they are in the obese zone.

Obesity is a serious problem because if not treated timely it can pave way for other chronic diseases like diabetes, heart problems, and high blood pressure.

What Are the Symptoms of Obesity?

One of the most common ways to recognize obesity is through BMI. However, some other signs to look for when determining obesity are:

  • Back Pain/Joint Pain
  • Sweating excessively, even while performing minor activities
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Depression
  • Intolerance or low tolerance for heat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue

If you have any of the above mentioned symptoms log on to oladoc.com and connect with the best nutritionists in your town.

What Are the Causes of Obesity?

Here are some major risk factors or causes that contribute towards obesity:

  • Genetics:

Genetics affect a lot on how your body processes food. Also, it determines how your body stores fat and distributes it. So if obesity is in your genes you are more prone to becoming obese if you don’t practice a healthy lifestyle.

  • Family History:

Other than genetics, a person inherits their eating habits and lifestyle from their family. Hence, if obesity runs in your family, it can be a cause of your obesity.

  • Pregnancy/Childbirth:

The weight gained during pregnancy or childbirth is hard to lose for most mothers. If this weight is not lost within time a mother will be categorised as a person suffering from obesity.

  • Sleeping patterns:

Your sleep routine has a direct impact on your body. If you are not sleeping enough or if you are sleeping excessively, it will affect your diet. Most people whose sleep routines are not right eat a lot and as a result they gain an unhealthy amount of weight.

  • Lifestyle:

Unhealthy habits like lack of physical activity, consumption of a high-calorie diet, staying up late are another great cause of obesity. Also, if you are consuming a liquid diet that is not healthy, like alcohol, it may make you gain weight.

  • Medications and illness:

Some medications or diseases contribute to unhealthy weight gain. Some examples of such medications that induce weight gain are antidepressants, diabetes medications, and antipsychotic medications.

How Is Obesity Diagnosed?

Other than BMI, a doctor may suggest these tests to diagnose obesity:

  • Test for skinfold thickness
  • General physical exams like measuring blood pressure, weight, etc
  • Screening tests like CT-scan, MRI, etc
  • Comparing waist-to-hip ratio

Obesity may contribute to chronic diseases like cancer, heart problems, blood pressure and diabetes. Also, a person with obesity is likely to suffer more if they are infected with Covid-19. Hence, to rule out the presence of other related diseases, your physician may suggest diagnostic tests like:

  • Blood tests to check blood sugar and cholesterol levels
  • Thyroid test
  • Liver function test
  • Heart tests and scans to ensure proper functionality of the heart

How can obesity be treated?

Depending on your situation and age a doctor may prescribe these treatment measures for obesity:

  • Lifestyle Changes:

Eating healthy food, following a certain type of diet, and exercising regularly will be suggested to you if you are someone who has a poor lifestyle.

  • Behavioral Changes:

In case your obesity is a result of an underlying psychological issue, the doctor may suggest therapy.

  • Medications:

There are certain medications available to help you in your weight loss journey, so you will be prescribed with these medications if the need be. Some examples of medications that may help with weight loss are: Bupropion-naltrexone and Orlistat. These medications are completely safe because they are FDA-approved.

  • Surgery:

People whose BMI is more than 35.0, they may be suggested weight loss surgery. This surgery is known as bariatric surgery and the procedure involves alteration of gut hormones responsible for hunger. As a result long term weight loss goals are achieved.

Bottom Line:

If you feel that you are suffering from obesity, or have similar symptoms, it is better to consult a specialist like the Best Dietitian in Islamabad. They can guide you thoroughly about your situation and how you can control it.

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