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What Should You Know About Coronary Artery Disease?

by c-incognito
Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease, also known as CAD, is a condition of the heart in which plaque builds up inside your coronary arteries. They are the arteries that bring oxygenated blood to the heart. 

Under normal conditions, your arteries are soft and elastic. But when plaque deposit occurs inside, they become hard, narrow, and stiff. Therefore your blood supply to the heart can be affected, leading to blockage.

Patients with coronary artery disease need to visit the healthcare provider time and again. If you are diagnosed with it, you must consult with a doctor. 

To get an expert opinion, you can visit the Best Cardiologist in Karachi.

When blood can not reach your heart, the tissues start to die because the blood contains oxygen which can not reach it. To survive, your tissues and organs need oxygen. If they do not get it, tissue infarction occurs. 

What Are The Symptoms of a Coronary Artery Disease?

Coronary artery disease shows up as angina- a condition in which chest pain occurs. Angina causes a feeling of burning, aching, fullness, heaviness, squeezing, numbness, and pressure over the chest.

Sometimes people mistake the symptoms of angina with gastroesophageal reflux disease. 

The symptoms of coronary artery disease may feel in areas, such as the arm, jaw, neck, and shoulder. 

Along with angina, coronary  artery disease may show the following symptoms:

  • Tachycardia or fast heartbeat
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Palpitations 
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Sweating

What Causes Coronary Artery Disease?

According to experts, coronary artery disease occurs due to injury or damage to the inner lining of the coronary artery. It can even occur in your childhood. 

The plaque build-up may occur at young ages and may keep going on till old age. 

The plaque deposition makes your blood vessels sticky. By the passage of time, lipoproteins, inflammatory cells, and calcium deposit with the plaque- a process known as atherosclerosis. It can happen due to factors such as:

  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Hypercholesterolemia or high blood cholesterol 
  • Sedentary lifestyle, not being active enough
  • Diabetes or insulin resistance

What Raises Your Risk of Coronary Artery Disease?

The risk factors for coronary artery disease are:

Age

As you get old, the risk of coronary artery disease increases. However, it can occur at any age. But aging plays a role. 

Overweight or Obese

Being overweight and obese can increase the risk of coronary artery disease. 

Other Health Conditions

Having other health conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and high blood cholesterol level increases the risk of coronary artery disease.

Family History

If you have a family history of coronary artery disease, especially at a young age, it can put you at risk of developing coronary artery disease. Therefore you must take extra care of yourself if you have a family history of coronary artery disease.

Male Gender 

Males are more prone to develop coronary artery disease compared to females. 

Stress

Mental stress, when it remains for a long time can put you at risk of developing coronary artery disease. If you are stressed, you must practice stress-relieving exercises that can help you cope with it.

Sedentary Lifestyle

Living a sedentary lifestyle that does not include physical activity increases the risk of coronary artery disease. 

Smoking

Smoking cigarettes or getting exposed to secondhand smoke can increase the chances of coronary artery disease. Cigarettes contain tar coal and other chemicals that harden your blood vessels, making plaque deposits easier. 

Unhealthy Eating

Living a lifestyle that includes unhealthy eating such as oily and fatty food, too much sugar, and salty products can put you at risk of developing coronary artery disease. 

Diabetes 

Diabetes can increase the risk of coronary artery disease. They have the same risk factors, such as smoking or obesity. 

Hypercholesterolemia 

Hypercholesterolemia or high blood cholesterol levels can raise the risk of coronary artery disease. 

The Bottom Line 

Coronary artery disease, if left untreated, can become life-threatening. If you are diagnosed with it, your healthcare providers will treat the condition according to its severity. 

To get an expert opinion about your heart health, you must visit Chinar International Hospital.

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